CHAPTER I
PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES

Article 1
The Purposes of the United Nations are:
l. To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of
threats to the peace, and for the suppression of
acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace,
and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead
to a breach of the peace;
2. To develop friendly relations among nations
· based on respect for the principle of equal rights
and self-determination of peoples, and to take
other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;
3. To achieve inte:t:national cooperation in
solving international problems of an· economic,
social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in
promoting and encouraging respect for human
rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or re•
ligion; and
4. To he a center for harmonizing the actions
of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

Article 2
The Organization and its Members, in pursuit
of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in
accordance with the following Principles.
1. The Organization is based on the principle
of the sovereign equality of all its Members.
2. All Members, in order to ensure to all of
them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfil in good faith the obligations
assumed hy them in accordance with the present
Charter.
3. All Members shall settle their international

disputes hy peaceful means in such a manner that
international peace and security, and justice, are
not endangered.
4. All Members shall refrain in their interna·
tional relations from the threat or use of force
against the territorial integrity or political inde·
pendence of any state, or in any other manner
inconsistent with the Purposes of the United
Nations.
5. All Members shallgive the United Nations
every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain
from giving assistance to any state against which
the United Nations is taking preventive or enforce·
ment action.
6. The Organization shall ensure that states
which are not Members of the United Nations act
in accordance with these Principles so far as may
be necessary for the maintenance of international
peace and security.
7. Nothing contained in the present Charter
shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in
matters which are essentially within the domestic
jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under
the present Charter; hut this principle shall not
prejudice the application of enforcement meas·
1ues under Chapter VII.
J

CHAPTER II
MEMBERSHIP
Article 3
The original Members of the United Nations
shall he· the states which, having participated in
the United Nations Conference on International
Orga ization at San Francisco, or. having previously signed the Declaration by United Nations
of January I, 1942, sign the present Charter and
ratify it in accordance with Article 110.

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