A/HRC/22/45 United Nations General Assembly Distr.: General 28 January 2013 Original: English Human Rights Council Twenty-second session Agenda item 3 Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development Report of the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances * Summary The Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances was the first United Nations human rights thematic mechanism to be established with a universal mandate. The original mandate derives from Commission on Human Rights resolution 20 (XXXVI) of 29 February 1980. The mandate was most recently extended by the Human Rights Council in its resolution 16/16 of 24 March 2011. The total number of cases transmitted by the Working Group to Governments since its inception is 53,986. The number of cases under active consideration that have not yet been clarified, closed or discontinued stands at 42,889 in a total of 84 States. The Working Group has been able to clarify 298 cases over the past five years. The present report reflects the communications and cases examined by the Working Group during its three sessions in 2012, covering the period 12 November 2011 to 9 November 2012. It includes, in annex I, sections on 96 States and territories. The report also contains a thematic section on reparation for enforced disappearances and includes information on other activities carried out by the Working Group. * GE.13-10418 The annexes to the present report are circulated as received, in the languages of submission only.