Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Velásquez-Rodríguez v. Honduras Judgment of July 29, 1988 (Merits) In the Velásquez Rodríguez case, The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges: Rafael Nieto-Navia, President Héctor Gros Espiell, Vice President Rodolfo E. Piza E., Judge Thomas Buergenthal, Judge Pedro Nikken, Judge Héctor Fix-Zamudio, Judge Rigoberto Espinal Irías, Judge ad hoc Also present: Charles Moyer, Secretary Manuel Ventura, Deputy Secretary delivers the following judgment pursuant to Article 44 (1) of its Rules of Procedure (hereinafter "the Rules of Procedure") in the instant case submitted by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights against the State of Honduras. 1. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Commission") submitted the instant case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter "the Court") on April 24, 1986. It originated in a petition (No. 7920) against the State of Honduras (hereinafter "Honduras" or "the Government"), which the Secretariat of the Commission received on October 7, 1981. 2. In submitting the case, the Commission invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Convention" or "the American Convention") and requested that the Court determine whether the State in question had violated Articles 4 (Right to Life), 5 (Right to Humane Treatment) and 7 (Right to Personal Liberty) of the Convention in the case of Angel Manfredo Velásquez Rodríguez (also known as Manfredo Velásquez). In addition, the Commission asked the Court to rule that "the consequences of the situation that constituted the breach of such right or freedom be remedied and that fair compensation be paid to the injured party or parties." 3. According to the petition filed with the Commission, and the supplementary information received subsequently, Manfredo Velásquez, a student at the National Autonomous University of Honduras, "was violently detained without a warrant for his arrest by members of the National Office of Investigations (DNI) and G-2 of the Armed Forces of Honduras." The detention took

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