3 on February 8, 1993. No protective remedy could be filed on her behalf because Decree-Law Nº 25.659 (Treason) prohibited the filing of "a petition of habeas corpus when the acts in question concern the crime of terrorism." d. On February 26, 1993, Ms. María Elena Loayza-Tamayo was exhibited to the press in "prison stripes," and accused of the crime of treason. She was then taken to the former Army Veterinary Hospital -later converted into a "holding-station"where she remained until March 3 of that year when she was transferred to the Chorrillos Women's Maximum Security Prison. e. María Elena Loayza-Tamayo was prosecuted before the military jurisdiction on the charge of treason. Police Report Nº 049-DIVICOTE 3-DINCOTE was established, charging her with that crime on February 25, 1993. She was later brought before the Special Naval Court for trial. The Special Naval Court, composed of faceless military judges, acquitted her in its judgment of March 5, 1993. She was subsequently convicted by the Special Naval Court Martial in its judgment of April 2, 1993. The Special Tribunal of the Supreme Council of Military Justice, in its judgment of August 11, 1993, rejected a petition seeking nullification of the sentence, acquitted her of treason and ordered the case file to be remitted to the civil courts so that she could be tried for the crime of terrorism. The Assistant Special Attorney General filed with the Full Chamber of the Special Supreme Military Tribunal a petition for special review of that sentence, which culminated in a judgment upholding her acquittal on September 24, 1993. f. Ms. María Elena Loayza-Tamayo continued in detention for the period between the judgment of the Special Tribunal of the Supreme Council of Military Justice issued on August 11, 1993, and the detention order issued by the civil courts on October 8, 1993, although during that period "her judicial position was that of an acquitted detainee who had been neither tried nor convicted." g. Ms. María Elena Loayza-Tamayo was tried in various instances of the civil courts for the crime of terrorism: the Forty-third Criminal Court of Lima bound her over for trial on October 8, 1993. Ms. Loayza filed a res judicata objection based on the principle of non bis in idem. On October 10, 1994, the "faceless special tribunal of the civil courts" dismissed her objection and sentenced her to 20 years' imprisonment on the basis of the same cause. h. Subsequent to the filing of its application, the Commission informed the Court that a writ seeking nullification of that judgment was filed with the Supreme Court of Justice and was dismissed on October 6, 1995. Ms. María Elena Loayza-Tamayo remained in prison throughout the proceedings in both the military and the civil courts. IV 4. The following paragraphs contain the Court's summary of the file submitted to it by the Commission on the proceeding before it: a. On May 6, 1993, the Commission received the complaint against the detention of Ms. María Elena Loayza-Tamayo and transmitted it to the State six days later. On August 23, 1993, the Commission received the State's answer, together with documentation concerning the case, and the information that the Office of the Attorney General had initiated criminal proceedings against Ms. María Elena Loayza-

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