Guidelines on Consideration of Communications of the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child Guidelines for the Consideration of Communications Provided for in Article 44 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child I. Introduction 1. Article 44 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child stipulates "the Committee shall be empowered to receive communications on any issue dealt with by this Charter from any individual, group or non-governmental organisation recognised by the Organisation of African Unity, by a Member State or by the United Nations. 2. Any communication to the Committee shall indicate the names and address of the author and shall be treated as "confidential". 3. The Committee considers that the directives should be elaborated for effective application of these provisions in accordance with Article 74 of the Rules of Procedure of the Committee. Chapter I: General Provisions Article 1: Definition of Communications 1. Under Article 44 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, any correspondence or any complaint from a State, individual or NGO denouncing acts that are prejudicial to a right or rights of the child shall be considered as communication. Article 2: Recording of Communications 1. Communications shall be recorded by the Committee's Secretariat. 2. For that purpose, the Committee shall keep a register. Article 3: Summary and Circulation of Communications 1. The Committee Secretary shall make a summary of all the communications, depending on their subject. At each session, he/she shall circulate these summaries to Committee members. 2. An original file shall be kept for each communication summary. The complete text of any communication brought to the attention of the Committee shall be made available to all members. Chapter 2: Consideration of Communications Article 1: Conditions of Admissibility of Communications I. Authors of Communications 1. Communications may be presented by individuals, including, the victimised child and/or his parents or legal representatives, witnesses, a group of individuals or non-governmental organisations recognised by the African Union, by a Member State or by any other institution of the United Nations system. 2. The Author of the communication shall specify either to have been a victim of violations of the rights spelt out in the Charter, or to act on behalf of a victim or of other eligible parties. 1

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